The macula is the part of the retina, which provides us central vision and allows us to see fine detail, such as recognizing a face, reading, or watching television. Macular Degeneration is a condition in which the macula gets damaged. It is often related to aging, and is commonly referred to as Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD). The late stage, associated with vision loss, is the most common cause of irreversible blindness in people over the age of 50. It affects the central vision, especially while reading.
Most often vision loss starts in one eye. Because the healthy eye compensates for the loss of vision in the damaged eye, Macular Degeneration may initially go unnoticed. In many cases it will ultimately affect vision in the other eye as well.